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引用本文:孙青言,郭辉.地下水动态演变研究现状与发展趋势[J].灌溉排水学报,0,():-.
SUN Qingyan,GUO Hui.地下水动态演变研究现状与发展趋势[J].灌溉排水学报,0,():-.
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地下水动态演变研究现状与发展趋势
孙青言1, 郭辉2
1.中国水利水电科学研究院;2.黑龙江省水利水电勘测设计研究院
摘要:
地下水补径排过程作为水文过程的重要组成部分,受各种人为和自然因素的影响,发生着不同程度的演变。由于地下水在维持经济社会发展和生态系统健康方面的特殊重要性,其相关理论和实践研究始终保持很高的热度,而当前出现的诸多新问题,进一步加剧了地下水演变的复杂性,更将地下水研究推向地球科学探索的前沿。本文综述了当前全球地下水动态演变研究面临的新问题,归纳了地下水研究采用的技术方法,总结了地下水动态演变机制研究的最新进展,并简要介绍了全球热点地区地下水研究的最新动态,供地下水研究领域的学者参考。
关键词:  地下水;动态演变;人类活动;气候变化;综述
DOI:
分类号:P641
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题(2016YFC0401404);黑龙江省应用技术研究与开发计划项目(GA19C005);国家自然科学(51879066,51509264)
Research advances and trends of groundwater dynamic evolution
SUN Qingyan1, GUO Hui2
1.China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research;2.Heilongjiang Provincial Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power Investigation,Design and Research Institute
Abstract:
As an important part of hydrologic process, the recharge, flow, and discharge of groundwater are evolving in different degrees under the influence of various human and natural factors. Due to the special importance of groundwater in maintaining social-economic development and ecosystem health, its related theoretical and practical research has always been a hotspot. However, many new problems have further aggravated the complexity of groundwater evolution and pushed groundwater research to the forefront of geoscience exploration. This paper reviews the new problems in the study of groundwater dynamic evolution, the new methods used in groundwater research, the research advances in groundwater dynamic evolution mechanism, and the latest trends of groundwater research in global hotspots, which may be referred by scholars in the field of groundwater research.
Key words:  groundwater; dynamic evolution; human activity; climate change; review