English
引用本文:冯泽洋,李国龙,李 智,等.调亏灌溉对滴灌甜菜生长和产量的影响[J].灌溉排水学报,2017,36(11):7-12.
FENG Zeyang,LI Guolong,LI Zhi,et al.调亏灌溉对滴灌甜菜生长和产量的影响[J].灌溉排水学报,2017,36(11):7-12.
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 5000次   下载 6365 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
调亏灌溉对滴灌甜菜生长和产量的影响
冯泽洋, 李国龙, 李 智, 张永丰, 张少英
内蒙古农业大学 甜菜生理研究所, 呼和浩特 010018
摘要:
为探讨滴灌条件下甜菜节水、高产、高效灌溉指标,于2016年在呼和浩特市开展了田间灌溉试验,研究了调亏灌溉对甜菜生长特性及产量和水分利用效率的影响。结果表明,叶丛快速生长期中度水分亏缺处理(50%θ f ~ 60%θ f )在复水后叶面积、根部干物质量、净光合速率和蒸腾速率都有补偿效应,重度水分亏缺处理(40%θ f ~ 50%θ f )对植株的生长有抑制作用;块根糖分增长期的调亏灌溉对甜菜生长和生理过程影响小于叶丛快速生长期的,中度水分亏缺处理(50%θ f ~60%θ f )在复水后根部干物质量和光合作用都有补偿效应,重度水分亏缺处理 (40%θ f ~50%θ f 复水后也能恢复生长。综合考虑甜菜块根产量和水分利用效率等指标,叶丛快速生长期和块根糖分增长期的适宜灌水量为1 147.78和635.54 m3/hm2。
关键词:  滴灌; 调亏灌溉; 甜菜; 水分利用效率; 产量
DOI:10.13522/j.cnki.ggps.2017.11.002
分类号:
基金项目:
Effects of Regulated Deficit Drip Irrigation on Growth and Yield of Sugar Beet
FENG Zeyang, LI Guolong, LI Zhi, ZHANG Yongfeng, ZHANG Shaoying
Sugar Beet Physiological Institute, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010018, China
Abstract:
We present the results of a field experiment aimed to elucidate the effects of regulated deficit drip irrigation on growth traits, yield and water use efficiency of sugar beet. The results showed that over the vegetative developmental period, a moderate water deficiency by keeping soil moisture content at 50%~60% of the field capacity had a compensatory effect on leaf area, dry root weight, net photosynthetic rate and transpiration rate after re-wetting, whilea severe water deficiency with soil moisture being 40%~50% of the field capacity had an inhibitory effect on the growth of the plant. It was also found that a deficit irrigation during the root swelling period had less effects on growth and physiological development of the plant than that during the vegetative developmental period. Considering the yield and water use efficiency, it was concluded that an irrigation amount of 1147.78 m3/hm2 over the vegetative development stage and another 635.54 m3/hm2 over the root swelling stage are optimal for deficit irrigation.
Key words:  drip irrigation; regulated deficit irrigation; sugar beet; water use efficiency; yield